At present the procedure of calculation of the scattering matrix is well developed for both an oriented cluster of spherical particles and for chaotically oriented clusters of such particles [4]. However, the observed dependencies of polarization of light scattered by cometary and interplanetary dust and, in particular, the orientation of the plane of polarization with respect to the scattering plane, allows one to conclude that these dust particles are to be rather chaotically oriented.

Usually to reduce the number of the input parameters one chose the cluster constituent spheres to be identical. For the model of a chaotically oriented cluster of such subparticles, the direct scattering problem has the following input parameters: the size parameter of the constituent spheres (where is the radius of spheres, the wavelength of incident radiation), the real and imaginary parts of the complex refractive index , the number of particles in the cluster () and parameters describing the cluster structure, which can be characterized by two parameters [5]: the fractal dimension and a prefactor constant .